What to do if you hit an animal

What to Do If You Hit an Animal While Driving


With our long stretches of roads and massive land mass, Australia could’ve been created just for driving. There are about 19.5 million cars on our continent – and growing. You don’t have to be a rocket scientist to understand the impact this might have on the animals who share our space. That’s why it’s important to know what to do when you hit an animal while driving.


With all these people on the roads, and human infrastructure ever encroaching on the territory of native wildlife and farm animals, many car accidents involve creatures large and small.


And then there’s domestic pets. As valued members of more Australian households than not, the likelihood of injury by car is a real concern.


So, what steps do you take if you accidentally hit an animal on the road?


Native Wildlife

Bushfires are unfortunately a part of the Australian summer, and not uncommon during other seasons, putting homes and lives at great risk. There is a real risk to animal lives too – fires often result in a significant loss of habitat for our native wildlife.


Sadly, every year more of these habitats are lost to either bushfires or land clearing. Australian animals find themselves homeless as the pockets of bushland they call home dwindle.


If koalas, kangaroos, wombats, possums, wallabies, bandicoots, bush turkeys, etc, don’t have access to the right trees, food or water, they’ll travel to find them. This often means crossing busy roads and highways. And as their habitats are often on the city fringes, this means higher speed limits and…. well, we all know the outcome.


All Kinds of Animals at Risk

A 2008 study found that one in five car accidents in rural areas involve livestock or wildlife. This doesn’t even take into account ‘near misses’ where a vehicle swerved to avoid an animal. You can only imagine how that number has risen over time as areas become more built up.


The vast majority of the animals hit are kangaroos and wallabies. However, farm animals such as horses, cattle, sheep and goats are often found wandering on rural roads.


And, sadly, many dogs and cats are hit in city and suburban areas every day. The increasing number of pets in Australia means an increased risk of hitting one when you’re on the road.


Safety First: Yours and the Animals

You’ll know if you hit an animal – there is a heart-stopping thud that quickly turns into a distressing realisation.


If this happens you first need to make sure it’s safe for you to pull over and exit the vehicle. Your initial instinct will be to immediately get out of the car and tend to the injured animal. Instead, before you do anything, be careful of other traffic about; don’t risk your life.


All clear? Pull over to the side of the road, put your handbrake on and turn on your hazard lights. Time to tend to the animal.


If it has been killed, and it’s safe to do so, remove it from the road. This will eliminate the hazard for other drivers. Be extra cautious with native animals such as kangaroos, wallabies or wombats as they may have babies in their pouches.


If the animal is alive, it will be at the very least frightened and likely injured. You’ll need to assess how safely you can help it. For example, how large or hostile is it? Big or small, many animals can become aggressive when feeling threatened.


If you can do so without risking your own safety, approach the animal quietly and calmly from behind. You need to cover it then keep it warm and quiet while you seek help, so handle it using a towel, blanket or clothing. This protects both you and them.


Make sure the bite-y and scratchy body parts are covered before carrying it to your car. An unconscious animal may wake up during the rescue mission, and may cause further damage to you or your car interior (as well as the poor animal itself). Or, you may choose to wait by the side of the road for an animal rescue group.


Either way you will need to make it as comfortable and calm as possible. And be sure to wash your hands as soon as you can! Keeping liquid detergent in the car will help keep the germs at bay.


When not to handle an injured animal

There may be times when moving an injured animal would put you at risk and cause further injury to the animal. If you’re unsure, a vet or animal rescue centre will be able to provide further advice.


Aside from bites and scratches, there’s the potential you could pick up any number of diseases or develop a nasty infection.


For example, never touch or handle any bat (flying foxes or microbats) unless you have the training and current vaccinations against Australian Bat Lyssavirus.


If you do get bitten or scratched by the animal you’re trying to care for, flush the wound with water then follow basic first aid and watch for signs of infection.


From there, visit your GP as soon as you can. You may need antibiotics, a tetanus booster or some other kind of shot to guard against any nasties. Animal’s teeth and nails can carry nasty bacteria that can get into your blood and make you very sick, and quickly.


It's important to know what to do when you hit an animal while driving


Where to Take an Animal Hit by the Car and Who to Call

If the animal is still alive or it has live babies, you could find the closest vet and take the animal there. You’ll find most vets will take in and treat injured wildlife and domestic animals. You won’t be charged.


If it’s a pet that’s microchipped and/or collared, the vet can contact the owners after checking it over. They may have already received a call from the owner anyway – many people will call the vets in their area as soon as a pet has escaped.


Your other option is to keep the animal where it is – covered up and kept warm and quiet – then call the local, state or territory wildlife rescue group. This might be:


Or, it could be another organisation in your area. The RSPCA has a handy printable list of contact numbers for each state/territory on its website.


Also, wildlife rescue app Backyard Buddies (available for iPhone and Android) has loads of links to organisations that can help. It can even find you a snake catcher if there’s a snake on your hands.


Do I Need to Report a Dead or Injured Animal?

One question that will likely spring to mind when you’re wondering ‘what to do if you hit an animal while driving’ is ‘do I need to report it?’ If it is a native animal that is seriously injured and you think it needs to be euthanised rather than rescued, contact the local police. Otherwise, if you’re unsure, the police or a wildlife rescue group can always make that judgement.


If the animal is a pet, you must contact the owner, police or the RSPCA. Please don’t ever leave someone’s beloved furry family member behind without finding someone to hand it over to.


Does Insurance Cover Hitting an Animal?

Yes, most comprehensive car insurance policies will cover you when you hit an animal. However, different insurers treat this situation differently when it comes to excess. Some will still charge you the excess to repair your car, others won’t.


If you hit livestock, you’ll need to claim on your own insurance but check the relevant state laws. In all states except Queensland, owners are liable for their livestock. In Queensland, livestock is still deemed to have “right of way” on a road. Seriously.


Hitting bigger animals such as kangaroos and large dogs can cause significant damage to your car and you may not be able to drive it afterwards. It makes sense to have full comprehensive insurance before you drive on any road. Need a quote? We can help you find ways to save on your next premium.


If you can’t drive your car then call your insurance company to organise a tow to their workshop or depot, or to your local mechanic. Be sure to keep the receipts if they charge you on the spot and arrange for a hire car, again keeping receipts if your insurance policy has a hire car option.


How to Avoid Hitting Animals While Driving

Australian fauna are very active at dusk and dawn, so when driving at this time of the day it’s best to slow down and be aware.


Even in built up urban areas, kangaroos will gather on the sides of roads. Perhaps they enjoy a touch of car spotting? Or perhaps it’s because they know they have sheer strength on their side. YouTube shows this to be the truth – watch this video to see the kangaroo intimidation tactic at work.


If you see an animal near the road, there’ll likely be many others. Beep your horn to scare them off. Don’t get out to shoo away healthy, hefty animals, especially roos.


Importantly, pay attention to road signs signalling areas with high wildlife populations and crossings, and report livestock on roads to the police.


First aid kit for when you hit an animal while driving 


Just in Case Car Supplies

Just as we should have a human first aid kit in our car, consider keeping simple animal aid supplies handy.


Be mindful that unconscious animals may rouse and become distressed if you put them in your car. You don’t need a terrified wombat trying to scratch his way out while you try to get him to safety.


An animal first aid kit could include:

  • A few old towels or a big old blanket to wrap them in and keep them calm
  • A small foldable box or collapsible carrier, handy for small to medium animals
  • Fluids in small and large bottles, to help keep them hydrated
  • A torch to help you see properly during the night or early morning
  • Bandages to stem any blood flow
  • Hardy gloves for handling any bite-y, claw-y or scratch-y animals (including birds)
  • Hand sanitiser to wash away potentially harmful germs from your skin


Hitting an animal can be a distressing experience. Planning ahead for ‘just in case’, keeping aware on the road and taking extra care at particular times of day will help you reduce the likelihood of it ever happening.


If the worst does happen, we’ll look after you. Why not compare us with your current insurer today?


Over to You – What To Do if You Hit an Animal While Driving

Have you ever hit an animal and helped it? Or maybe you have a story about an animal you rescued from the roadside. Let us know in the comments below.


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  • Ruth
    Posted at 10:12h, 22 December Reply

    Rabies? In Australia?

  • Lavina Eckmann
    Posted at 19:24h, 25 February Reply

    This blog What to Do If You Hit an Animal While Driving helps me a lot, thank you

    • PD Insurance
      Posted at 09:11h, 27 February Reply

      Great feedback, we’re happy to help. Thank you

    • PD Insurance
      Posted at 09:14h, 27 February Reply

      Great to hear, thanks Lavina.

    • PD Insurance
      Posted at 09:15h, 27 February Reply

      We’re happy to hear that, thanks Lavina.

  • Jennifer johnston
    Posted at 09:15h, 27 February Reply

    ducks turtles tawny possum if possible I do try and rescue.I take them to the vets and wires

    • PD Insurance
      Posted at 09:20h, 27 February Reply

      Wonderful to hear. That’s a very caring and responsible thing to do, Jennifer.

  • Deborah B
    Posted at 19:49h, 24 March Reply

    It would be really good if everyone just slowed down. I will not go faster than 80 on any open road and prefer 60kph. I have a large sticker on my car to say I brake for everything (tail gate at your own risk) and I do stop for everything. I stop for dead mammals and check their pouches and drag carcasses off roads, I also stop for injured animals that selfish bastards have left to die. Getting to your destination quicker is NOT more important than the life of an animal. If you hit something that you can’t avoid then stop and render aid. Learn how to handle animals, look up help services and note phone numbers before traveling, If you drive a car you are responsible.

  • Marion Stapleton
    Posted at 08:54h, 01 April Reply

    You didnt mention about slowing down when you see animals grazing along the side of the road , most drivers have no affinity with animals.

    • PD Insurance
      Posted at 09:59h, 01 April Reply

      Hi Marion, that’s a very good point, thank you for sharing!

  • Cindy Lou
    Posted at 12:33h, 26 April Reply

    What do you do if you badly injure an animal when there is no phone connection and the next service station is almost 200 klms away?

    • PD Insurance
      Posted at 10:17h, 29 April Reply

      Hi Cindy, we suggest either taking it with you (using our tips on how to do that safely) or moving it to the side of the road (if safe for you to do so), noting your location, then calling an animal rescue service when you are back in range.

  • www.otn.com.sg
    Posted at 16:36h, 11 May Reply

    Good web site you have got here.. It’s hard to find good quality writing like yours these days.
    I honestly appreciate people like you! Take care!!

  • cialis
    Posted at 05:14h, 21 May Reply

    Good info. Lucky me I found your website by accident (stumble upon). I have book marked it for later!

  • Nicole johnston
    Posted at 19:38h, 19 June Reply

    Tonight, i was driving along a busy road in suburbia and unfortunately had a dog run out in front of me.
    Unfortunately, i hit the dog, so i did what i thought was the right thing. When it was safe for me to pull over, i did. I asked around and was able to find the owner.
    The dog was injured, and i was willing to take it to a vet but owner said it was fine.
    The owner took blame for it as pailings missing off the fence and they knowingly knew dog could get out.
    My car is fully insured, and doesn’t feel quite right after hitting the dog.

  • Sue brazier
    Posted at 20:44h, 19 June Reply

    Well said Deborah. I am astounded how there are people who don’t give a damn about animals. They drive too fast and they don’t care. I am always on the lookout for any live or injured animal alongside the road. I also stop and check on the animal. Its not hard to do.

  • Julia Kleinhanss
    Posted at 17:37h, 01 July Reply

    A good website. This information should be taught in Highschools/Colleges to students who are learning to drive and applying for their drivers license.
    Thanks for being on Facebook.

    • PD Insurance
      Posted at 19:13h, 01 July Reply

      Thank you, Julia, we appreciate that.

  • Sree Datta
    Posted at 22:19h, 03 July Reply

    This was a surprise post for me. Not only the post itself, but all the comments about animal welfare. All very positive.
    Here in Tassie, highways look like animal cemetery to me. When I first migrated here, I was shocked to see so many dead animals on road. I was told, that is very normal, as our state has a huge number of wild animals. But Tasmanian tigers disappeared. Tasmanian Devils are numbered. Wombats disappeared from Narawntapu national park.
    I still see many carcasses. I never knew, we can call RSPCA.
    As a migrant to the state I gathered information from the locals. But about wildlife on road, there was never any useful information.
    I am still unsure if I call RSPCA or local Animal welfare about injured animal on roadside, I will get any help.

  • Hershel
    Posted at 00:37h, 05 July Reply

    Hi there! I simply want to offer you a big thumbs up for the excellent info you have got right here on this post. I am returning to your site for more soon.

  • Fran Woods
    Posted at 22:15h, 10 July Reply

    if a roo is hit at night who do we call? is there an after hour number. if an animal is hit at a dangerous spot on road do we ignore said animal?

    • PD Insurance
      Posted at 10:00h, 22 July Reply

      Hi Fiona, if it is unsafe to remove the roo from the road, for whatever reason, then please call the local police as it will be a hazard for drivers. Please remember your safety is paramount, then the safety of other drivers and the animal. As for the roo’s medical attention, we do know that some regional WIRES volunteers take rescue calls overnight. Here is the advice WIRES gives for after hours situations: https://bit.ly/3eNoSp5

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    Posted at 03:00h, 20 July Reply

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    Posted at 18:12h, 26 July Reply

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  • Madison
    Posted at 17:30h, 03 August Reply

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  • Stephen
    Posted at 19:03h, 03 August Reply

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